SANTA BARBARA – the premier suburban municipality of Iloilo is strategically located at the centermost of the province. It lies within 122 29’ 15” and 122 36’ 35” East Longitude and within 10 35’ 15” and 10 35’ 10” North Latitude, with an elevation of 32.083 ft. above sea level. It is bounded on the North by the Municipality of New Lucena, on the Northeast by the Municipality of Zarraga, on the South by the Municipality of Pavia, on the Southeast the Municipality of Leganes, on the Southwest by the Municipality of San Miguel and on the Northwest by the Municipality of Cabatuan.
It is 15.7 kilometers north or a twenty-minute drive from the City of Iloilo, through a well-maintained asphalt/concrete national highway. It is accessible by any land transportation with the presence of a national highway, provincial, municipal and barangay road networks cutting and criss-crossing its environs.
The topography of Sta. Barbara varies from slightly rolling hills to almost flat or gradually inclined plains, sliced by Tigum River at its centermost, which flows from the northwest to the southeast and the Aganan River in the southern section.
Out of its 131.96 sq. kms.(13,196 has.) land area, at least 93.80 sq. kms. (9,380.57 has.) are almost flat plains with 0-3 % slope or 3 meters high while the rest are rolling hills which vary from 3-8 % or 3-8 meters high.
|Slope Classification||Land Area (sq.kms.)||% TOTAL Land Area||Slope Grouping Category|
|A (Flat Plains)||93.80||71.08||0-3 %|
|B (Rolling Hills)||38.16||28.92||3-8 %|
Type of Terrain
The type of soil in Santa Barbara is predominantly loam, making it conducive to rice farming.
Highlands in the municipality that are near the New Iloilo Airport were quarried to fill the runway of the airport. Almost 5 Barangays were excavated and leveled.
|1. Tigum River||1. Miraga – Guibuangan|
|2. Aganan River||2. Calaboa Este|
|4. Barasan Este|
Stream sand creeks traverse Sta. Barbara from its watershed areas and higher grounds emptying to the coastal towns. The two major rivers serve as the principal drain canals of water from the mountain of the island, which does not only water and enrich its plains but also supplies its irrigational needs.
Based on genetic and morphological characteristic, there are three (3) different types of soil in the municipality. Generally, Sta. Barbara’s soil is thick, fertile and suitable for raising all kinds of agricultural products. Predominantly, it is of loam classification which makes it readily conducive to rice farming.
Soil type and distribution by land area
- Sta. Rita Clay Loam– covers 75% or 9,897 has. found among the plains of Sta. Barbara.
- Umingan Fine Sandy Loam– covers 15% or 1,979.40 has. found in upland areas.
- Alimodian Clay Loam– covers 10% or 1,319.60 has. found in the hills of the municipality.
For maximum results in the productive yield, minimum quantity of fertilizer is needed. There are few or small open grasslands and swamps within the municipality. Ninety five (95%) of its land area is cultivated, except, non-agricultural areas.
1. Type – There is a distinct climate in this municipality, which is ideal for planting of multiple crops. It has a type “C” (moist) rain sufficiency distributed with almost 4 1/2 dry months or first-type climate with two distinct seasons of six months; wet from June to November and three month dry from January to April which favour harvesting of late varieties of rice. Heavy rains which begin to fall about mid-May enable rice farmers to prepare rice beds and plant upland rice.
2. Annual Rainfall Distribution –average annual rainfall is 137.4725 mm.
3.Temperature – the average temperature is 27.9 ºC
4. Prevailing wind –average humidity is 77.80 %
5. Typhoon frequency – This municipality is not within the country’s typhoon belt although tropical storms and occasional typhoons pass thru it. The worst typhoon to hit Sta. Barbara in this century was on November 13, 1990. This super typhoon “Ruping” brought about destruction which the residents have never experienced in their whole lives. Houses, public buildings, trees, electrical lines and crops were devastated. Thousands were rendered homeless.
Cyclones and tornadoes are occasional happenings. Earthquakes are rare occurrences. The latest high-intensity earthquake occurred last June 21, 1990. It has an intensity of 6 in the Richter scale. Its epicenter was plotted near Kalibo, Aklan. No damage was reported in the municipality.
Administratively, the Municipality of Santa Barbara is comprised of 60 Barangays, including the six (6) barangay zones situated in the poblacion created by the Local Legislative body in compliance with the provision of P.D. No. 86. These barangays possess corporate powers and all corresponding names and numerical designations until changed or abolished by law or ordinance.
Name of Barangay, Distance, Area and Punong Barangay CY 2018
|BARANGAY||AREA in Has.||DISTANCE From POBLACION||PUNONG BARANGAY|
|1. Agusipan||310.574||4.50||Hon. Nida S. Sulaña|
|2. Agutayan||98.927||2.20||Hon. Victorino Palermo, Jr.|
|3. Bagumbayan||115.614||3.10||Hon. Alex S. Sencil|
|4. Balabag||357.297||7.70||Hon. Ildefonso G. Guillergan|
|5. Balibagan Este||309.655||3.30||Hon. Melchor P. Lopez|
|6. Balibagan Oeste||329.134||4.30||Hon. Roy G. Quilarto|
|7. Ban-ag||203.644||4.60||Hon. Benedicta S. Sorongon|
|8. Bantay||141.495||7.90||Hon. Lovelita C. Tutor|
|9. Barasan Este||297.123||5.50||Hon. Crisanto B. Suberon, Jr.|
|10.Barasan Oeste||218.968||4.70||Hon. Virginia H. Narciso|
|11.Binangkilan||375.618||4.80||Hon. Glen S. Penuela|
|12.Bitag-og Taytay||246.212||7.40||Hon. Lorenzo C. Soubiron|
|13.Bolong Este||180.623||3.20||Hon. Haydee Dela Cruz|
|14. Bolong Oeste||137.409||1.20||Hon. Larry Deatras|
|15.Buayahon||349.907||6.20||Hon. Monico Sotacio|
|16.Buyo||136.898||5.90||Hon. Ninfa C. Superficial|
|17.Cabugao Norte||351.916||4.10||Hon. Hitler S. Jaspe|
|18.Cabugao Sur||284.472||3.50||Hon. Marites S. Soltis|
|19.Cadagmayan Norte||475.737||6.50||Hon. Nida G. Patches|
|20.Cadagmayan Sur||89.392||5.80||Hon. Donato B. Catitista|
|21.Cafe||400.477||4.20||Hon. Ramon Gamboa|
|22.Calaboa Este||194.790||7.40||Hon. Herminigildo S. Silao|
|23.Calaboa Oeste||123.395||4.70||Hon. Noli S. Sotomil|
|24.Camambugan||183.399||3.60||Hon. Irenea L. Caño|
|25.Canipayan||265.623||5.60||Hon. Celso S. Sumanghid|
|26.Conaynay||144.049||6.50||Hon. Ignacio S. Subere|
|27.Daga||375.958||4.10||Hon. Narciso Souribio, Jr.|
|28.Dalid||153.414||4.30||Hon. Juliet S. Susbilla|
|29.Duyanduyan||324.026||1.30||Hon. Crisanto C. Colada|
|30.Gen. Martin T. Delgado||81.849||0.90||Hon. Christopher M. Suñer|
|31.Guno||289.20||3.40||Hon. Lita S. Sondia|
|32.Inangayan||276.350||1.80||Hon. Ricardo S. Bayog|
|33.Jibao-an||135.536||6.30||Hon. Dester S. Hayag|
|34.Lacadon||282.990||4.30||Hon. Gregorio M. Mortales|
|35.Lanag||234.804||1.10||Hon. Francisco S. Sudaria|
|36.Lupa||251.320||2.20||Hon. Ma. Gina S. Subong|
|37.Magancina||167.887||7.10||Hon. Perfecto S. Borra|
|38.Malawog||217.947||7.10||Hon. Andresito E. Malaygay, Jr.|
|39.Mambuyo||164.311||6.50||Hon. Evelyn L. Suedad|
|40.Manhayang||216.176||3.20||Hon. Geronima Jaque|
|41.Miraga-Guibuangan||410.353||3.90||Hon. Jorge S. Solatorio|
|42.Nasugban||214.201||5.20||Hon. Florentina S. Calizo|
|43.Omambog||129.857||7.00||Hon. Rodney J. Celiz|
|44.Pal-agon||376.299||6.30||Hon. Ludovico A. Lagonaso|
|45.Pungsod||137.749||5.20||Hon. Nicolas S. Subor|
|46.Sangcate||254.896||3.20||Hon. Anabel Simpao|
|47.San Sebastian||106.590||1.90||Hon. Lucia A. Lagunday|
|48.Tagsing||308.837||5.20||Hon. Leonida S. Cordero|
|49.Talanghauan||203.133||3.90||Hon. Marcelino S. Barrios, Jr.|
|50.Talongadian||208.752||6.80||Hon. Edsel S. Sumayo|
|51.Tigtig||270.901||4.10||Hon. Alex G. Sumabong|
|52.Tuburan||244.379||7.40||Hon. Nelida S. Susmiran|
|53.Tugas||260.515||5.60||Hon. Edwin S. Casquero|
|54.Tungay||140.650||1.80||Hon. Loreto S. Sutacio|
|55.Brgy. Zone I||20.433||0||Hon. Peter John T. Sinfuego|
|56.Brgy. Zone II||84.956||0||Hon. Rene Sonza|
|57.Brgy. Zone III||20.773||0||Hon. Reginald Jerome Suplido|
|58. Brgy. Zone IV||53.635||0||Hon. Ismael A. Solinap|
|59. Brgy. Zone V||26.903||0||Hon. Timoteo M. Padilla|
|60. Brgy. Zone VI||144.049||0||Hon. Nelson M. Launio|
2nd Class Municipality in Province of Iloilo ( Reclassification effective May 2009, as per Memo Circular No. 01-M(34-a)-08 dated May 11, 2009.
|A.1. Total Population||62,907 ( 2017 Source BSPO)|
|A.2. Total Household||14,043 (2017 Source BSPO )|
|A.3 Total Families||16,162 (2017 Source BSPO)|
|A.4 Population growth rate||1.04%|
|A.5 Dialects Spoken||Among 37,730 individuals surveyed in 1990|
as to the dialect they speak,
97.4% or 36,762 use Hiligaynon,
162 use Tagalog,
155 use Malaweg,
126 use Cebuano,
80 use Waray,
48 use Inibaloi,
22 use Dibabawon,
21 use Ilocano,
11 use Bicolano,
9 use English,
while 106 use other dialects.